Bipolar disorder is characterized by the fact that those who suffer from it have great changes in mood They go from great euphoria to deep depression. Although most of us talk only about bipolar disorder, from a clinical point of view it is divided into two groups, depending on the severity of the changes and symptoms. These groups are known as Bipolar I and II disorder.
Type I disorder
Those who belong to this group are those patients who have suffered a full manic episode, without previous depressive episodes. It is necessary to rule out a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder or schizophrenia, as well as a delusional or psychotic disorder that could explain the manic episode. In this case we would be facing another type of diagnosis.
To determine that bipolar disorder exists, it is necessary that the symptoms suffered by the patient cause great discomfort or anxiety. great deterioration in their social relationshipswork or in other important areas of the patient’s life.
Type II disorder
In this group, manic disorders are less severe than in the previous one, and for this condition to occur it is necessary that in the patient’s history there have been one or more episodes of major depression accompanied by at least one manic episode.
As in type I disorder, it is necessary that the symptoms cannot be explained by other psychiatric disorders and that they seriously disrupt the individual’s life.
Cyclothymic disorder is also included within bipolar disorders. To diagnose it, it is necessary to have at least 2 years of manic symptoms who do not meet the criteria to be considered manic episodes and numerous periods of depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for a major depressive episode.
This article is merely informative, at PsychologyFor we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to go to a psychologist to treat your particular case.
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