Characteristics Of Narcissistic Personality Disorder


Among personality disorders with problems in the area of social relationships narcissistic personality disorder is found. Feeling unique and important are fundamental and necessary aspects in the full development of an individual, but these characteristics are taken to the extreme in narcissism, although we must keep in mind that we speak of a continuum of narcissism, with people who find themselves in the middle of this one with lighter features.

The term narcissism It comes from the Greek myth about Narcissus, a man who saw his reflection in the water and fell in love with it. This exaggerated attraction towards oneself is a characteristic of the disorder, there are many other symptoms that may indicate that someone has this disorder. In this PsychologyFor article we will talk about some of the characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder.

The most notable characteristics of narcissists

In order to know what a person with narcissistic disorder is like, it is important to learn to recognize the most prominent characteristics of their personality. Here we leave them for you:

They always talk about themselves

One of the characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder is that these people always tend to think and talk about themselves most of the time, often about their physical appearance, their skills, achievements… However, these comments tend to be exaggerated and are not necessarily true reflections on their life.

They are also characterized by having little consideration for the people around them, it is rare that they ask about how they are, their concerns… This is because lack empathy and are not able to recognize or understand the needs or feelings of other people.

They recreate fantasies

People with narcissistic personality disorder present elaborate fantasies about their successes, their power, beauty… And, as a result, they feel that they must be the best at everything, including the material objects they have such as houses, cars, clothes… These fantasies are a way to avoid the inner emptiness, to feel special, and thus ignore defects. Because of this, when their aspirations do not match reality, they can feel very frustrated.

Belief of superiority

Another characteristic of narcissistic personality disorder is that they often have a feeling of grandeur which leads them to feel superior to the rest. They believe that only a few who are as special as them can truly understand them. To maintain that feeling of superiority, they focus on the defects of othersregardless of whether they are real or imaginary, it is an effective way for them to hide their weaknesses and preserve their self-concept.

Narcissistic people expect others offer them favors specials or fulfill your requests without any hesitation. If this is not met, they may be very impatient or angry. Narcissistic people see others as people who have to satisfy their needs. This behavior may be reminiscent of a child who has never learned that he is not the center of the world and who becomes angry when others do not immediately meet his demands.

Constant demand for praise

Despite how seemingly confident narcissists are, They tend to be very insecure and have very fragile self-esteem. In order to keep their self-esteem high, they demand constant admiration and compliments from those around them. Furthermore, they also expect to be recognized as superior even without having achievements to back it up.

This fragility makes them very sensitive to criticism; any comment that brings to light a defect in theirs will produce “narcissistic anger,” causing the person to lie or divert the conversation in a completely different direction.

Characteristics of Narcissistic Personality Disorder – The Most Prominent Characteristics of Narcissists

Envy and narcissism

Narcissistic personality disorder is also closely related to the feeling of envy. Due to their low self-esteem and their need to be superior to others, they see people as a threat who has those things that they do not have, not only material objects, but also the admiration of others…

Narcissistic people also often believe that others are envious of them and accuse people of it, stating that this feeling can end their relationship. That is why in this other article we give you the keys so that you can learn to live with a narcissist.

Causes and treatment of narcissistic disorder

The causes of narcissistic personality disorder are unknown. Although it is said that genetic and biological factors, along with environmental factors and certain experiences at an early age, can play an important role in the development of the disorder. Therefore, the appearance of the disorder is due to a combination of factors.

Treating a person with narcissistic personality disorder can be difficult as they have a great sense of grandiosity and self-protection, which makes it difficult for them to recognize their problems and vulnerabilities.

  • Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy can be useful in helping those narcissistic people relate to others in a more compassionate and healthy way. Mentalization-based therapy, transference-focused therapy, and schema-focused therapy have been suggested as effective ways to treat this disorder.
  • Medication: There is no drug treatment for narcissistic personality disorder. However, if the person presents symptoms such as depression, anxiety or others, psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants or anxiolytics can be helpful.

In this other article we talk to you in more detail about the causes and treatment of narcissistic personality disorder.

Characteristics of Narcissistic Personality Disorder – Causes and Treatment of Narcissistic Disorder

This article is merely informative, at PsychologyFor we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to go to a psychologist to treat your particular case.

If you want to read more articles similar to Characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder we recommend that you enter our Clinical Psychology category.

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