He Multiple personality disorder or dissociative identity disorder is characterized by the existence of two or more personality states or identities that frequently control the person’s behavior and the interaction between them can be affected by episodes of amnesia. In this disorder the individual experiences different personality changeswhich can appear suddenly without warning.
Besides is not aware of the actions that he has realized his other personality since he does not remember anything he did while he was under the control of his other personality or personalities. Do you find it interesting? In this PsychologyFor article we talk to you about the Causes, symptoms and treatment of multiple personality disorder And, also, we are going to explain to you in detail everything you need to know about this condition.
Symptoms of multiple personality disorder
The personalities that usually appear for multiple personality disorder may not match with the sex, age, psychological traits and sexual orientation of the individual. That is, a 36-year-old woman can adopt the personality of a 3-year-old child, so her behavior, language, opinions, preferences and mentality in general will be oriented to that age, sex and the specific personality that that person has. “another” individual. Although it is said that the prevalence of this mental illness is very low since it is a rare condition, the data indicates that it appears to be not as rare as is thought.
Let’s analyze the symptoms of multiple personality disorder. Among the most common are the following:
- They present a reversible amnesia, which means that they tend to forget personal events that occurred in certain periods of time during childhood or adolescence. They also tend to easily forget current everyday situations, such as temporarily forgetting how to drive, use a cell phone, etc. They may even feel as if their mind has gone blank for a period of time. All of this generates a lot of conflict for them since, suddenly, they discover objects that they are unable to recognize or are in places where they cannot explain how they arrived. Another important issue is that they are unable to remember what they have done.
- It is common for them to present anxiety and depression.
- Tend to hurt themselvesto have episodes of self-mutilation, as well as suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
- They often tend to abuse substances such as drugs and alcohol.
- sexual dysfunctions
- They can reach perceive voices, coming from the “other” personalities. These voices are caused by internal conversations between different personalities or from one to another only. All this generates great confusion in the person.
- They are more vulnerable to suffering a traumatic event again because they consciously or unconsciously seek to find themselves in risky situations.
Causes of multiple personality disorder
Multiple personality disorder It almost always arises in childhood although cases have also been found where it has appeared in the adult stage. This condition is said to act as a Defense mechanism that creates the body itself so that the person can endure all the fear and terrible pain caused by situations of constant abuse that have been experienced over a long period of time. These abuses can range from physical and psychological violence from parents to children to trauma caused by sexual violation by parents or close people.
In response to this type of repeated experiences, the person begins to dissociateThat is, she separates herself from herself by creating one or several more personalities, which will be able to deal with all her traumas since she alone feels incapable. It is necessary to take into account that not everyone has the ability to dissociate. Therefore, it can be said that in order to generate a multiple personality disorder or dissociative identity disorder, The following characteristics must exist:
- Have a predisposition to dissociate (split or separate from oneself psychologically) as a defense mechanism
- A traumatic event occurring that triggers dissociation
- Let various things happen traumatic events over time so that the person begins to dissociate more and more and begins to create other characters so that they can cope with what they are experiencing.
In this other article we discover the most common personality disorders that exist.
How to treat multiple personality disorder
The treatment that has been shown to be more effective for multiple personality disorder is the psychotherapy and often requires years for full recovery. It is basically focused on the person integrating all of their identities so that they can stabilize and increase their well-being.
First your safety is guaranteed by trying to eliminate those risk factors in your life, then you work with the traumatic events you have suffered and finally all the identities you have created are integrated. Sometimes, therapeutic treatment is accompanied by the administration of antidepressant and anxiolytic drugsHowever, they are only to treat the symptoms.
Early diagnosis of this disorder is essential for its cure, because the more time passes, the more difficult it is for the person to overcome it. It is common for this disorder be confused with schizophrenia and many people are treated with drugs for schizophrenia, which are not effective for this type of condition. Therefore, it is necessary and at the same time difficult to find the right therapist to treat people with this disorder.
The importance of early detection
A way to prevent this mental disorder from appearing has not yet been found, however professionals emphasize that early attention is necessary to children who are suffering or have suffered some trauma, as well as to prevent abuse and mistreatment of them. They also recommend advising the families of people who suffer from this disorder so that they know what they can do about it so that it does not become more accentuated.
The affected person should be prevented from being left alone and keep in constant contact with her, as well as understand her and, if possible, have her attend support groups where she will share her experience with other people who suffer from the same thing. All this will motivate them to continue with the therapeutic treatment.
This article is merely informative, at PsychologyFor we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to go to a psychologist to treat your particular case.
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