Physiological And Cognitive Reactions Produced By Stress


Stress affects at a physiological level, at a behavioral level and at a cognitive level, producing specific effects in each area. In this article, I explain in more detail what the consequences of acute stress are in these three areas, the physiological and cognitive reactions produced by stress.

Influence of stress on a physiological level

A stressful situation has its reflection on a physical level since stress produces a weight that increases body stiffness. One of the symptoms that a person may experience is generalized muscle tension in different parts of the body. In fact, stress also shows up in facial stiffness. A person who is stressed appears tense and does not smile. Other physical effects linked to stress are: stomach pain, feeling dizzy and excessive sweating. Stress can cause distress when it is linked to anxiety, as occurs in acute stress.

Influence of stress on behavior

A thought influences the feeling and the feeling is reflected in the action. Considering this causal chain, a stressful thought produces a less than hopeful feeling that influences the way we act. What happens when a person is stressed and cannot manage this feeling? For example, a person may get stuck when taking a very important exam.

There is also the defense mechanism of avoidance that leads people to flee from situations that cause discomfort. However, avoidance should never be encouraged as a habitual habit since stress increases.

Influence of stress on cognitive level

When we analyze reality from the point of view of stress, we observe events in an altered way. We don’t see things as they are but rather we see partial information about reality. From this point of view, when observing the negative, the feeling of fear arises in the face of what is experienced as an external threat.

The person tends to be defensive. As with sadness, a stressed person also has more difficulty maintaining attention and may suffer from daily distractions.

This article is merely informative, at PsychologyFor we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to go to a psychologist to treat your particular case.

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