The 7 Types Of Gender Violence: How To Identify Gender Abuse?

There are different types of gender violence. Do you think you may be receiving gender abuse? How to identify it? Discover what gender violence is and how to end it.

The different types of gender violence

Although more and more people are aware of this, gender violence continues to be present in our society. These types of abuse must be detected both with the help of family members and the victim themselves to stop all the psychological and physical consequences they may have. The life of the person who suffers from this gender abuse may be in danger.

What is gender violence?

Gender-based violence refers to harmful acts that are directed at a person or a group of people because of their gender. On many occasions, the term gender abuse is used to highlight the fact that there are some structural differences in power based on gender that put girls and women at risk of suffering this abuse. type of psychological and physical violence

Although women and girls are the main victims of these types of violence, the reality is that this term is also used to describe the mistreatment or acts of violence that the LGBTQI+ community can suffer.

Types of gender violence

On many occasions people confuse gender violence with physical violence towards a woman or girl. The reality is that there are different examples of gender violence that are sometimes not seen as such. In this way, according to psychologists, there are the following types of gender violence.

  1. Economic violence: Economic violence involves making or attempting to make a person economically dependent, that is, gender abuse is carried out so that the other person cannot be financially free and therefore requires the other to survive. This type of psychological violence and physical can go to the point of prohibiting access to money or preventing attendance at the workplace or school.
  2. Psychological violence: The psychological violence refers to the use of intimidation, threats or emotional blackmail to try to harm the person. In many cases, psychological gender violence goes unnoticed by others and by the person who receives it, even though it can have consequences just as negative as other types of violence. Types of gender violence
  3. Emotional violence: Emotional violence is the attempt to emotionally and psychologically harm the person. That is, it uses the emotional abuse to lower the person’s self-esteem, as well as to damage their relationships with others, whether they are their children or family members.
  4. Physical violence: Physical violence is the type of violence that is most identified within society. These types of violence involve hitting, kicking, among other types of physical abuse that hurt the person physically. Physical violence is also considered when the victim’s property is damaged.
  5. Sexual violence: Sexual violence involves forcing a partner to participate in a sexual act in which the victim does not want to participate. These acts of violence They can occur within a relationship, although on many occasions socially this is not considered within these types of abuse.
  6. Online or digital violence: Online or digital violence is a type of gender violence which refers to trying to harm a person through networks or the internet. In this way, the aggressor tries to use the web to extract information from the other and blackmail him/her, as well as to denigrate the victim.
  7. Vicarious violence: These types of gender violence It is a weapon that a father uses to harm the mother through his own children. So much so that through this gender violence, the father tries to damage the relationship of his children against the mother to the point of wreaking havoc on their physical and mental health.
You may be interested:  The 5 Main Symptoms of Psychological Trauma: How to Identify It?

In cases where there is a suspicion that there is a case of gender violence, it is vital to call 016 to ask for help as soon as possible. Furthermore, it is very likely that you will require the assistance of a professional psychologist to be able to deal with these abusive situations.

Studies on gender violence

A study carried out by the Funcas association has revealed the discovery of a factor that influences the appearance of gender violence: he labor aggravating It has been shown that in cases where the woman works and the man does not, gender violence is twice as likely to occur.

Consequently, if the man is the one who works and the woman does not, that is, in cases where the man is the economic breadwinner of the family, there is half the probability that there will be gender violence and this probability is reduced even more if both work, therefore, if the roles are equal. Thus, if he does not work and she does, the traditional roles are reversed. He remains in a self-perceived position as inferior and therefore, gender violence can appear as a response of dominance, thus placing himself once again in a position superior to that of the woman.

Study on gender violence

Why is it less likely to suffer gender violence?or if they both work?

When both spouses work, generally the traditional role is questioned gender, that is, both women and men are in a position of equality Both contribute financially and there is no one who can be considered the other’s support. Furthermore, the machismo in these cases is usually somewhat minor. It can be said that the couple is a team and does not get carried away by the traditional definition, so the vision of life will generally be more modern.

You may be interested:  What is Occupational Therapy? 7 Benefits of the Work of an Occupational Therapist

Why is gender violence more likely to occur?What if he doesn’t work and she does?

  1. Role exchange: As I mentioned above, when the woman works and the man does not, an exchange of roles is established. Traditionally it was the man who worked and was in a position of superiority compared to the woman who depended on him in many ways. In relationships where there is violence, the relationship is generally not one of equality, but rather the woman usually has a position of dependence (or emotional or economic), that is, she is placed below. If the man does not work, he would be lower on that scale and therefore, by exercising violence he once again takes a position of superiority in front of the couple.
  2. Too much free time: Being out of work is something that generally destabilizes emotionally. But also, if you spend time thinking about it, small worries or discomfort end up becoming a huge mountain. If we add to that equation that you do not know how to manage your discomfort, violent responses may appear (either psychologically or physically).
  3. Pathological jealousy: People who end up committing gender violence usually suffer from pathological jealousy and are controlling people towards their partner. Thus, questions about: where are you going, with whom, etc. are usually frequent. At first, at the beginning of the relationship, this control can be perceived as great interest and love, it seems that the person cares a lot about you, he is detail-oriented because he comes to look for you at work without you asking him and he is interested for what you do but in reality it is analyzing each step you take and assessing whether there may be something more in that apparent working relationship. Therefore, if the woman spends most of the day away from home working, jealousy can intensify because one of the man’s concerns may be fantasizing about the possible relationship that he believes he may be having with a co-worker. The sum of too much free time plus distrust and control can increase jealousy, and consequently, arguments and the appearance of violence.
You may be interested:  How to Learn to Get Out of the Loop? The 8 Most Important Steps

Now, violence against women does not occur in all families if he does not work. For this to happen, it is important that certain factors occur, such as: authoritarianism and need for dominance, low self-esteem, sexist education received during childhood, among others.

Thus, in conclusion, it can be said that it is not enough to empower women so that they are not so vulnerable. to gender violence since there is this problem that is exclusive to man and we must work at a social level to change it.