How Do Sudden Physical Changes Affect Mood?


We know the close relationship established between physical health and emotional health, since Every change that happens in our body, no matter how small, is capable of transcending to other areas that may not seem to be related at first glance. Being aware of this event, in this article, we are going to delve a little deeper into the effects on the mood that could occur after a significant physical change.

What is considered a sudden physical change?

A sudden change is considered one that is carried out quickly and unexpectedly, which causes difficulties for human systems to adapt to the new characteristics. On the other hand, when we refer to a physical change we fundamentally focus on the appearance of an individual and the changes that can occur in it. These changes may be typical of the normal development of the individual, such as the appearance of hair in areas where there was none before, the growth of the genitals, the increase in muscle, etc.…

Or they could be related to external factors that are not common or are not considered a necessary part of the individual’s development. Although there are numerous factors that can cause a sudden physical change, we are going to focus on the following: a stressful situation, a change in diet, change in exercise routine, alterations in sleep patterns, hormonal changes, illnesses and injuries or surgeries. and accidents.

All these factors are closely related to the physiology of the individual, therefore, An alteration in any of these factors could result in a sudden physical change and, therefore, repercussions on the individual’s mood. Next, we will look at each of the factors that have been mentioned in greater detail, emphasizing how it could alter mood and cause a significant physical change.

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1. Stress situations

Stress situations, whether motivated by a work or personal situation, can generate physiological alterations in the individual that lead to a significant physical change. Life events are defined as objective experiences that alter or threaten to alter the individual’s daily activities, causing a substantial readjustment in the individual’s behavior.

Therefore, Life events can trigger a stressful situation in the face of important changes such as having a child or losing a job. This event requires a great effort to adapt to the new situation that may entail: hair loss, weight loss or gain, insomnia… These changes will be directly related to a series of feelings such as: sadness, fatigue, irritability, anxiety… Which in Many times they make it significantly difficult for the individual to overcome this situation.


2. Diet change

Sudden dietary changes are usually linked to a sudden weight loss or gain, and can affect self-esteem and perception of one’s body. This significantly influences the mood of the individual who could experience feelings such as: joy, sadness, lack of vitality, guilt and even deep feelings of rejection and self-hatred.

3. Change in exercise routine

It is known that having an exercise routine can have great benefits on mood, since Endorphins are released and stress is reduced and sometimes feelings such as: joy, pride and fulfillment may even appear.

However, a sudden change in the exercise routine could have a negative effect on the physical appearance, such as the appearance of stretch marks linked to the gain or loss of weight and muscles, reduction in physical capacity, concentration difficulties, fatigue… All of this could generate changes in mood such as sadness, despondency or rejection.

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4. Disturbance of sleep patterns

Sleep patterns are essential not only for the normal performance of daily activities, but they also have fundamental importance on a physiological level since it is during sleep when our body repairs damaged structures, hormones are secreted, and important changes occur. cardiovascular, renal, respiratory and digestive throughout the body.

That is why Alteration in sleep patterns can affect the repair activities carried out during rest, producing visible physical changes mainly in weight, skin and even health problems may appear derived from this sleep disturbance.

These physical changes could have an effect on the individual’s mood, who could experience emotions such as: fatigue, sadness, worry, anxiety or decreased emotional reactivity. It can affect emotional stability and mental health.


5. Hormonal changes

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during the menstrual cycle in women, pregnancy or menopause, represent a huge change in the body’s physiology and can therefore have a notable impact on mood.

6. Illnesses and injuries

The sudden onset of an illness or injury can cause stressful situations in the individual anxiety and negatively affect the mood, appearing feelings of guilt, sadness, low self-esteem, loss of confidence…

7. Surgeries and accidents

Accidents and surgeries are big changes in themselves, and on numerous occasions, even without having a significant change on the individual, they generate emotions that alter the person’s mood. At this point, I wanted to focus on the emotional effect of surgeries performed to lose weight. There are different types of surgeries to lose weight and although not all are the same, they all generate a significant physical change in the patient who undergoes said intervention.

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A surgery of this type not only changes your eating habits radically but all the factors that we have been analyzing in this article are affected. After an operation of these characteristics, hormonal changes appear and it is common for the menstrual cycle to be interrupted for at least the first months after the operation; The patient will also experience changes in sleep patterns, and may suffer from insomnia; He will have to incorporate an exercise routine and therefore, he will have to change the habits he had before the operation; feeding, especially the first two months, will be greatly affected; and finally, diseases derived from said operation could appear, adding to an even greater stress situation.

All of these important changes in themselves, but they also have a notable effect on the emotional state of the individual, who will experience all kinds of sensations such as: joy, insufficiency, guilt, sadness, satisfaction, pride, fatigue, worry, low self-esteem, anxiety…



Therefore, we should not underestimate the emotions that appear after any significant physical change in our life, as it could indicate something important. However, it is important to note that the way these changes affect our mood can vary considerably between different people, and the emotional response can depend on individual and contextual factors. For this reason, it is considered that the best thing is to have psychological support throughout the process of change and adaptation, whatever the situation we face.