What Does It Mean To Be A Neurodivergent Person?

What does it mean to be a Neurodivergent person?

In recent years, we have experienced a significant increase in the way we talk and learn about issues related to mental health and emotional well-being. The strength of social networks, combined with the increase in problems of this type as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, has incorporated new concepts into the collective vocabulary and imagination that help deconstruct false beliefs and stigmas.

This is the case of neurodivergence, a concept that has gradually made its way into our conversations. Surely you have heard someone talk about neurodivergence, understanding it as the uniqueness with which a person experiences a mental health disorder or some neuronal condition that affects cognitive and behavioral functioning. In general, neurodivergence groups together everything that does not correspond to social expectations, and is therefore subject to stigma.

In this article, we are going to reflect more closely on what it means to be a neurodivergent person and how it is important to give voice to this type of reality to deconstruct stigmas and myths associated with people with neurological, psychological and emotional disorders.

What is neurodivergence?

To understand what it means to be a neurodivergent person, it is important to first define and understand what neurodivergence itself is. Neurodivergence refers to natural variability in brain functions that differ from social expectations considered “normal” or “normative.” This diversity includes a wide range of psychological and neural conditions, each with unique and differential characteristics. Being neurodivergent should be understood as implying dysfunction, but rather a different way of processing information and experiencing the world.

Among the best-known neurodivergent conditions is autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which generally affects communication and interpersonal interactions. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), on the other hand, is characterized by difficulty concentrating and controlling impulses. Dyslexia affects reading and writing, while other conditions, such as sensory processing disorder, can influence sensory perception.

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What does it mean to be a neurodivergent person? Social and personal implications

It is crucial to understand that neurodivergence encompasses a wide range of experiences, and Each person is unique in how they recognize and experience their neurodivergence. Instead of focusing on potential limitations and social stigma, it is essential to recognize and value the unique skills and perspectives that neurodivergent people bring to society and the inclusion and diversity of their stories in the collective imagination. By understanding and respecting this brain and neurological diversity, we can work towards a more inclusive, equal and empathetic society.

As we have been discussing, neurodivergence encompasses a wide and diverse spectrum of conditions, each with its distinctive characteristics that reflect the inherent complexity of the human mind. Below, we will explore some of the most common and well-known types of neurodivergence.

However, it is important to keep in mind that they are not the only ones, and that Each person experiences and experiences neurodivergence in personal and unrepeatable ways. This is precisely what the term “neurodivergence” attempts to empathize with: plurality.

Types of neurodivergence

It is crucial to approach each condition with respect and understanding, recognizing the uniqueness of each individual. Neurodivergence should not be seen as a limitation, but as a natural variation in human diversity. By banishing stigma and prejudice, we foster a society that values ​​the unique contributions of each person, regardless of their neurodivergent profile. Acceptance and appropriate support play a critical role in allowing neurodivergent people to flourish and contribute fully to the wealth of our society.

1. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Those on the autism spectrum may experience significant differences in communication and social interaction. While some may have challenges in emotional expression and understanding social subtleties, others may demonstrate exceptional abilities in specific areas, such as memory or creativity. It is essential to recognize the wide variability in autistic experiences.

2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Another key to understanding what it means to be a neurodivergent person is to know how ADHD affects those who develop this very common disorder.

Characterized by difficulty maintaining attention, controlling impulses, and, in some cases, hyperactivity. Although people with ADHD may face challenges in environments that require sustained concentration, they often possess exceptional energy and creativity. Attention to strengths, along with the right support, can enhance your unique abilities.

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3. Dyslexia

This disorder affects the ability to read and write, but is not related to intelligence. People with dyslexia may have difficulties recognizing words and letters, but they can also excel in areas unrelated to reading, such as problem solving and creativity. Adapting learning methods can allow dyslexic people to fully explore their potential.

3. Sensory Processing Disorder

Influencing the way the brain processes sensory information, such as touch, sound and light. Those with this disorder may experience sensations intensely or have difficulty filtering stimuli. Understanding and adapting to the environment can significantly improve the quality of life for people with sensory processing disorder.

4. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Although it shares similarities with ADHD, it focuses mainly on attention difficulties without the presence of hyperactivity. The ability to concentrate can vary, and individualized strategies are key to success.

Social challenges and stigmas

Although neurodivergence enriches our society, its diversity and respectful coexistence, people who experience it often face challenges and stigmas that can hinder their full participation. It is essential to recognize and address these challenges to build a more inclusive society. Social and educational barriers often create challenges for neurodivergent people. Rigid social norms can make it difficult to participate in social interactions, and a lack of understanding can lead to misunderstandings. In educational and work environments, non-adaptive structures can limit the performance of those with different learning styles.

The stigma associated with neurodivergence also contributes to these challenges. Prejudice and lack of awareness can lead to discrimination and social isolation. Society, often unintentionally, can marginalize those who do not conform to conventional expectations.

When addressing these challenges, it is crucial to foster empathy and understanding. Education about neurodivergent diversity can break down stereotypes and reduce stigma. The creation of inclusive environments, both in education and work, allows neurodivergent people to unleash their full potential. Promoting public awareness and building supportive communities are fundamental steps. By recognizing and accepting differences, we can work toward a future where every individual, regardless of neurodivergence, is valued for their unique contributions.

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Inclusion not only benefits those who are neurodivergent, but enriches society as a whole by fostering diversity of thought and experience. Ultimately, combating the stigma and challenges associated with neurodivergence is an essential step toward a more compassionate and equitable world for all.

Resources and supports

As awareness of neurodivergence grows, so do the resources and supports available to people living neurodivergent experiences. Accessibility to these resources and supports contributes greatly to the quality of life of neurodivergent people. However, it is essential to continue working to increase the availability and awareness of these services, ensuring they reach those who need them most.

By promoting and funding initiatives that facilitate access to resources and supports, we move towards a society that recognizes and values ​​the contributions of all people, regardless of their neurodivergence. Investment in these resources is an investment in building inclusive communities and promoting the unique potential that each individual brings to society.

1. Educational support programs

Various educational programs focus on adapting teaching methodologies to meet the individual needs of neurodivergent children and students. This includes modifications to the presentation of information, additional support, and personalized learning strategies.

2. Support organizations

Numerous organizations are dedicated to providing support to neurodivergent people and their families. They offer informational resources, counseling services, and community activities to foster connection and understanding.

3. Work adaptations

In the workplace, accommodations such as flexible schedules, personalized work environments, and specific training programs can significantly improve the work experience of neurodivergent people.

4. Assistive technology

The development of assistive technologies has opened new opportunities for neurodivergent people. From apps designed to improve social skills to augmentative and alternative communication tools, technology plays a crucial role in supporting diverse needs.

5. Social skills training

Programs that focus on the development of social skills are essential. These trainings can help neurodivergent people more effectively navigate social interactions and build meaningful relationships.


In conclusion, understanding neurodivergence is essential to building an inclusive society. Recognizing and respecting diversity in neurological experiences not only benefits neurodivergent people, but enriches society as a whole. By overcoming stigmas, providing resources, and fostering empathy, we can move toward a world where every individual, regardless of their neurodivergence, is valued and supported in their pursuit of a full and meaningful life.